There are essential decisive factors by which all rugs can be evaluated, distinguished, and conclusions can be drawn regarding their quality and worth. The under mentioned listing is by no means comprehensive, but will definitely help a fairly inexperienced carpet purchaser /amateur” to weigh up the different kinds of rugs offered in the market today.
1. Weaving procedure
Broadly speaking, there are 3 types of carpets – handmade carpets- hand-tufted carpets and hand-woven/hand hooked hand-knotted carpets and machine made. In carpets, this classification is vital and means everything.
Machine-made carpets could be very beautiful and rather functional, however they are not appropriately as good as to a hand-made rug of any range, and like most bulk-produced home furnishings are not by and large regarded to be collectibles. One can identify a machine-made rug by checking the fringes, if it is sewn onto the carpet, the throw is machine-made; as simple as that.
Hand-tufted rugs employ the use of a hand tufting gun to shoot bunches of wool all the way through a canvas cloth backing which has a pattern draft onto it. Not even a single knot is tied in the woollen fibres, in fact a rubber backing is pasted over the flipside of the carpet to hold the unsecured yarn fibers from falling out. Hand tufted rugs lack intrinsic value. A tufted rug is simple to identify by the “backing” on the backside of the rug. Hand-made rug will never have any kind of backing.
The descriptions “hand-woven” and “handmade” are set aside for carpets that are made exclusively by hand. In both the kind of carpets, a set of upright strings/warp is tautened onto a loom. Then yarn of different kinds like wool, silk, etc. is hand-knotted on top of the warp strings forming the “weft” of the carpet.
2. Dexterity of Weavers
The finest luxury rugs are designed and hand crafted by seasoned weavers employed by the Handmade carpet manufacturers. These skilful weavers are indisputably creative in their own right and in all fairness are well compensated for their work, and are widely accredited for their talent. Interestingly, yet, their identity is restricted to their very own circle of rug makers.
3. Yarn Quality
Good quality yarn is imperative in crafting fine quality rugs. In rugs, first-grade, pure wools, silk, esp hand-spun yarn is ideal.
How can one identify good wool? It must have a good lustre or sheen. It is common to see inferior quality wools mix with manmade materials to fake the sheen of high-quality wool. This practice is to be avoided as inferior quality wools will become weak and fall apart, and these ecologically-unfriendly manmade fibres are known to attain an odd smell over a period of time, particularly if spread on a heated floor.
Also, the highest quality wools are hand-spun. This is easily noticed in flat-weave rugs owing to a “knotty” feel to the weaving, but is difficult to identify in hand-knotted rugs.