Acrylic is a synthetic/artificial fibre made from petrochemicals. Acrylic carpets gained popularity since the 1960’s. The fibre, is also known as art(ificial) wool and was used as a cheap wool substitute. Some desirable characteristics of Acrylic fibre are:
- The look of Acrylic is very similar to wool, therefore it is widely used as a carpet yarn.
- It’s bouncy like wool and comfortable.
- It stands firm against dust, static, grime and mildew.
- It’s much simpler to clean than wool.
- Acrylic is not vulnerable to moth/insect/mildew damage.
- It is a very reasonable option as a carpet yarn as compared to wool
- Acrylic can be dyed in a myriad of colours
- Resists to sunlight fading
- Retains shape, extremely durable, easy maintenance and quick dry qualities as it wicks away moisture.
But acrylic fibre carpets have some shortcomings that have restricted their use.
- Acrylic is not as tough and hard wearing as wool.
- Acrylic fibre is prone to pilling.
- Acrylic is easily stained by oil and grease.